Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production. Fruits are broadly linear, flattened, cm x 1. Effects of CalothysrusSesbania and Calliandra supplementation on growth of dairy heifers fed Napier grass basal diet. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 3: It has been positively assessed for biofuel bioethanol production in India Adaganti et al.

Does not establish well from cuttings. Nutritional value The digestibility of fibre and protein of calliandra tend to be lower than that of comparable shrubs such as leucaena Hove et al. Palatability is significantly reduced when wilted or dried leaves are fed at high levels of supplementation.

National Academy of Sciences It can be used in rotation with cash crops like sugarcane or maize in alley cropping clothyrsus. Evaluation of Calliandra foliage as a supplementary feed for rabbits fed a basal diet of Guinea grass and water spinach.

Fact sheet – Calliandra calothyrsus

Naturally well suited to the light-textured slightly acidic soils of volcanic origin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After collecting, drying and storing of the seeds they can germinate without treatment, [3] but a quicker germination is achieved by soaking the seeds in cold water for 48 hours. It may be used in limited amounts as a source of pigment in layer diets Teguia, General recommendation on feeding: Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Genus Calliandra.


Calliandra leaves, pods [15] and young shoots provide a high valuable protein source for animals. Palatability and effect on dairy cow milk yield of dried fodder from the forage trees Acacia boliviana, Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala. It has been widely promoted as a fodder tree in Africa.

Significant pests and diseases are starting to appear on calliandra in east Africa, particularly Uganda, including heavy infestation by a scale insect Pulvinarisca jacksonisevere and sudden dieback of uncertain cause on unpruned trees at about two years old.

Feed intake and selection of tree fodder by dairy heifers. Artificial hybridisation has been carried out between 3 species of Calliandra. There has been a demand for smoking fuel since old rubber trees, the traditional source, are increasingly used by furniture manufacturers[ ].

Calliandra calothyrsus might have a huge potential use in the Tropics which are the regions where problems linked to agricultural products are growing. Feeding value The chemical composition of Calliandra calothyrsus is shown in table 1. Calliandra can be browsed or cut-and-carried to livestock. Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans.

The inflorescence, borne at the apex, is a showy spike-like raceme cm in length. See section on defoliation. Effect of plant density and cutting frequency on the productivity of four tree legumes. Under annual coppicing of stems of cm diameter, the tree can survive for many years FAO, Plant and animal families Plant and animal species.

It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 – 30? The level of selfing is influenced by provenance, age, floral phenology, population size and pollinator behaviour.

Generally grown as line plantings along fencelines and paddock boundaries, or integrated into garden systems where it is grown with a wide range of crop species. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.


QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. Tannin concentration was shown to increase with age of regrowth Dzowela et al. The wood is also caolthyrsus to make charcoal[ ]. The seeds are ellipsoid, flattened, mm long, and mottled dark brown in colour Palmer et al. Seed viability can be maintained for several years in hermetic storage at 3?

Volume 3, poster papers, and The plant can be used to rehabilitate erosion-prone areas such as slopes and stream banks, and to recover land exhausted by agriculture, where it easily dominates undesired weeds such as Eupatorium spp.

Calliandra calothyrsus as a supplement for milk production in the Kenya highlands.

In East Africa its pollinators have not been definitely identified but the flowers are visited by a range of nectar-seeking insects including wasps.

QR Code What’s this? The effect of Calliandra leaf Calliandra calothyrsus as protein source on duck feed. Rumen degradation and in vivo digestibility of dried Calliandra calotuyrsus leaves.

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The response may arise from the provision of tannin -protected protein that can be efficiently absorbed post-ruminally. Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Calliandra calothyrsus can flower within calotyrsus year of planting.

Flower sepals and petals are green, calyx 2 mm long, corolla mm long.