: Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (): Catalina De Erauso, Michele Stepto, Gabri Stepto: Books. : Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (Audible Audio Edition): Catalina de Erauso, Michele Stepto – translator. Named a New York Times Book Review Notable Book of One of the earliest known autobiographies by a woman, this is the extraordinary tale of Catalina.

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Apparently her physique was not feminine, which helped her with her deception. The fluidity of the text and the life of Catalina, then, defy rigid categorizations while at the same time placing Vida y sucesos in a unique position of being one of the few Spanish early-modern texts that exhibit strong autobiographical characteristics, unlike other works of the period that scholars have often labeled as autobiographical.

A place full of cattle, grains, fruits and tobacco from Peru. Retrieved from ” https: She later fled to Argentina across the Andes, through a difficult transition path.

She went to the fight with another person, and in the fight the man’s friend was killed. The accounts in Erauso’s document support and show how Erauso and others navigated ideas of gender and identity at that time. The book was published in France in under the title of The Nun Lieutenant.

From this moment on, Catalina de Erauso lived much, but not all, of her life as a man. I don’t know the answer to any of these questions, though I do enjoy the lively scholarly debate about Catalina de Erauso and the memoir attributed to her. Eventually the king decided to grant her a pension of pesos a year.

At one point, “he” is almost forced to marry a woman, at another, “he” is dismissed when caught in a compromising position with a young woman.

Catalina de Erauso escapes her convent, 18 March Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. In Conception she assassinated the chief auditor of the city, for which she was locked in a church for six months.

She died twenty years later inreportedly of a heart attack. The widow then proposed that Catalina marry her daughter.

Catalina de Erauso

Please enter an answer in digits: University of Texas Press. Catalina de Erauso, c. She gave the letter of recommendation to Erausk de Solarte, a very rich merchant and greater consul of Lima, and after a few days she was given his shop. The character of The Nun Lieutenant was, and remains today, a source of inspiration for writers, playwrights, filmmakers and artists most notably her portrait, attributed to Juan van der Hamen.


It was normal at that time for girls to be placed in convents at a young age to eraudo educated according to Catholic tradition, promoting the learning of tasks appropriate to their sex to be subsequently to be betrothed “as God intended”. When she moved to La Paz, she was sentenced again to death for another oieutenant. However, the man who was wounded in the face, came to challenge her again accompanied by two friends.

Of course in the deeply conservative Spanish society of the time, such a thing was unthinkable. History Terrible People from History. Catalina de Erauso is eventually awarded her military pension. I made lieuttenant a pair of trousers from a skirt of blue cloth that I had, and a shirt and leggings from the green shift that I wore underneath. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.

To prevent her execution she begged for mercy to Bishop Agustin de Carvajal, and confessed that she was actually a woman who had been in a convent. Jun 30, Pages Buy.

At that point, she changed her identity. In the battle of Valdivia she received the rank of second lieutenant. And, while I never taught this text, I did share it with a number of students in the years that I taught, for one of whom it proved to be a transformative text. Catalina headed off to war against them in Catalina says nothing more about convent life, noting only that, when she was fifteen, she had a series of increasingly heated encounters with members of the community.

This frustration led to a period devoted to vandalizing, killing as many people as she met on the road, causing extensive damage and burning entire crops. Ciaran lives in Belfast, where he programs professionally and writes compulsively. In addition, she had a fight with some young men who tried to assault her, so she took a stone and wounded one of them.

This article has multiple issues. Did Catalina de Erauso “write” this story of her life?

Catalina made her way back to Spain, where she mun the lieurenant of a great deal of public interest. Of course Catalina was not consulted on this, and she had no intention of meekly going along with it.


Regardless of how Erauso identified, researchers are still divided into different camps on the reason for Erauso’s grand story of adventures.

Retrieved 19 February Her decision seems at first purely practical, a way to avoid being identified and returned to convent life, but also a way to avoid the perils of traveling alone as a woman.

Lieutenant Nun by Catalina De Erauso | : Books

Named a New York Times Book Review Notable Book of One of the earliest known autobiographies by a woman, this is the extraordinary tale of Catalina de Erauso, who in escaped from a Basque convent dressed as a man and went on to live one of the most wildly reauso lives of any woman in history.

And similarly it has been a source of inspiration for many analysis and academic papers trying to explain her complex personality.

This section gives accounts from witnesses or other people that knew Erauso and could speak to her demeanor in her petition of the King and nkn Pope. There I hid out for three days tracing and cutting clothing. Scholars are conflicted as to whether or not this visit between Erauso and Pope Urban VIII actually occurred, but her Account of Merits and Services can be found in the Archivo General de Indias and the Real Academia de la Historia de Madrid and it was filed between andwhich would match up with the accounts of her being earuso Rome at that time.

By Ciaran Conliffe Last updated Oct 7, El primer aire de libertad”. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Her revelation is a last desperate act; about to be executed, she “confesses” to the local bishop, Francisco Verdugo Cabrerathat she is not only a woman but that she is a virgin, having been brought up in a convent. He was offered two alternatives, either marry the mistress in order to help her master keep up a respectable charadeor leave the city.